A propos de l'Observatoire Africain de la Santé
The African Health Observatory (AHO) is an open, transparent, collaborative platform that supports and facilitates the acquisition, generation, diffusion, translation and use of information, evidence and knowledge (IEK) by countries to improve national health systems and outcomes. It consists of: a Web portal for easy access to the best available information; a data-statistics platform enabling data download, processing and analysis, or access to ready-made statistics; a Wiki-based collaborative space for the production and updating of comprehensive and analytical Regional and country profiles based on both quantitative and qualitative information; a repository of key publications from or associated with the Observatory; the African Health Monitor a quarterly periodical; and, a platform providing relevant tools that enable networking, collaborative work and learning within and between groups, communities of practice, institutions, and national health observatories.
The primary functions of the AHO are to: (i) serve as one-stop-shop for IEK; (ii) monitor health situation and trends; (iii) support and facilitate forecasting of events and early warning systems; (iv) support the monitoring and evaluation of health system reforms and priority health programmes (v) facilitate the production and sharing of evidence for policy and decision; (vi) establish and maintain networks and communities of practice for the translation and application of evidence and knowledge; as well as, (vii) provide a platform for collaborative learning and innovation to improve and sustain human and institutional capacity for the generation, sharing and use of IEK; (viii) promote and support the strengthening of data sources, including vital registration; and, (ix) facilitate the efficient and effective application of ICT for improved health information systems. It also supports countries in developing national health observatories with analogous objectives and functions to that of AHO.
The Observatory has a strong mandate from Member States of the African Region. The Ouagadougou Ministerial Declaration on Primary Health Care and Health Systems (2008) and the Algiers Ministerial Declaration on Research for Health (2008) both requested the establishment of an observatory; the declarations were endorsed by the 58th Session of the WHO Regional Committee for Africa (Yaoundé, 2008).
AHO is a product of the World Health Organization’s Regional Office for Africa. The Observatory is coordinated by the African Health Observatory and Knowledge Management Unit in WHO-AFRO.
The main objective of the AHO Unit is to support Regional and country efforts at strengthening health systems through the African Health Observatory and a network of national health observatories. The main functions of the Unit are to:
- Strengthen the evidence base to inform policies and strategies, and to monitor health, including progress towards the MDGs and other internationally agreed-upon goals;
Support Member States strengthen their capacity to improve the:
— availability, quality and use of information and evidence;
— sharing, translation and application of information, evidence and knowledge;
— use of information and communications technology for Health;
- Support the strengthening of WHO's capacity in knowledge acquisition, generation, sharing, dissemination and use, including AFRO web-related activities.
World Health Organization
Regional Office for Africa
Cité du Djoué, BP06,
Tel.: +(47 241) 39323 / 39140 / 39316
Fax: +(47 241) 39503