Stock and distribution of human resources for health
With less than 1% of the world’s financial resources available for health, Africa’s need for health workers is estimated at approximately 1 780 057 million, compared with its present number of 1 183 325. Countries with an existing human resource crisis need to train and deploy over 800 000 additional doctors, nurses and midwives to meet a minimum threshold of 2.28 health care professionals per 1000 population, representing a scaling-up requirement of 140%. It is now understood that an inadequate health care workforce represents a major bottleneck in implementing evidence-based interventions. It also calls into question Africa’s capacity to meet the health-related Millennium Development Goals.