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Produtos médicos, vacinas, infra-estruturas e equipamento

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A well-functioning health system ensures equitable access to essential medical products, vaccines and technologies of assured quality, safety, efficacy and cost effectiveness, and their scientifically sound and cost-effective use.[1]

Major components of the medicines market[2]

To achieve these objectives, the following are required:

  • national policies, standards, guidelines and regulations that support policy;
  • information on prices, international trade agreements and capacity to set and negotiate prices;
  • reliable manufacturing practices and quality assessment of priority products;
  • procurement, supply, storage and distribution systems that minimize leakage and other waste;
  • support for rational use of essential medicines, commodities and equipment, through guidelines, strategies to assure adherence, reduce resistance, maximize patient safety and training.

Major components of the medicines market are shown in the figure.

Esta seção do perfil do sistema de saúde está estruturado da seguinte forma:

Contents

Analytical summary

Median percent availability of selected generic medicines in a sample of health facilities in Angola and neighboring countries with data in 2001-2008
Median percent availability of selected generic medicines in a sample of health facilities in Angola and neighboring countries with data in 2001-2008.JPG

...: No data

Median consumer price ratio of selected generic medicines (ratio of median local unit price to management sciences for health international reference price), Angola and neighboring countries, 2001 - 2008
Median consumer price ratio of selected generic medicines ratio of median local unit price to management sciences for health international reference price Angola and neighboring countries 2001 - 2008.JPG

...: No data

Hospital beds per 10,000 population in Angola and neighboring countries, 2000-2009
Hospital beds per 10000 population in Angola and neighboring countries 2000-2009.JPG

Medical products

Vaccines

Infrastructures and equipment

Clinical biology

Blood

Priorities and ways forward

Others

Endnotes: sources, methods, abbreviations, etc.

References

  1. Everybody’s business. Strengthening health systems to improve health outcomes. WHO’s framework for action (pdf 843.33kb). Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007
  2. The world medicines situation (pdf 1.03Mb). Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004