Trial version, Version d'essai, Versão de teste

Burden of disease

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Distribution burden of diseases as % of total DALYs[1] by broader causes in Liberia and neighboring countries, 2004
Distribution burden of diseases as percentage of total DALYs by broader causes in Liberia and neighboring countries 2004.JPG

Distribution of years of life lost[2] by broader causes in Liberia and neighboring countries, 2004
Distribution of years of life lost by broader causes in Liberia and neighboring countries 2004.JPG





References

  1. DALY is a health gap measure that extends the concept of potential years of life lost due to premature death (PYLL) to include equivalent years of “healthy” life lost by virtue of being in states of poor health or disability (1). DALYs for a disease or health condition are calculated as the sum of the years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL) in the population and the years lost due to disability (YLD) for incident cases of the health condition.
  2. Definition: YLL are calculated from the number of deaths multiplied by a standard life expectancy at the age at which death occurs. The standard life expectancy used for YLL at each age is the same for deaths in all regions of the world and is the same as that used for the calculation of disability-adjusted-life years (DALY). Additionally 3% time discounting and nonuniform age weights which give less weight to years lived at young and older ages were used as for the DALY. With non-uniform age weights and 3% discounting, a death in infancy corresponds to 33 YLL, and deaths at ages 5 to 20 to around 36 YLL.