Trial version, Version d'essai, Versão de teste

Analytical summary - Food safety and nutrition

From AHO

Jump to: navigation, search

O conteúdo em Portugês estará disponível em breve.

There is a draft National Food and Nutrition Policy, which is largely multisectoral, with a draft National Food and Nutrition Implementation Plan for 2012–2017.[1] Furthermore, the Smallholder Commercialization Programme Investment Plan of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security is now nutrition sensitive, with nutrition indicators and inclusion of nutrition into its situation analysis process.

The Ministry of Health and Sanitation, through its Nutrition Unit and in collaboration with partners, is promoting mother and child nutrition through diverse interventions, including:[2]

  • infant and young child feeding activities conducted at community level through the “We Pikin Network” mother support groups (there are now 1350 such groups in the country);
  • mass sensitization on the importance of maternal and child nutrition through electronic and print media;
  • feeding of pregnant and lactating mothers and children aged under 2 years (this United States Agency for International Development-supported programme is currently found in 18 chiefdoms);
  • vitamin A supplementation for children from 6 to 59 months twice yearly in mass campaigns, and postpartum vitamin A supplementation for lactating mothers (see figure);
  • developing a new under-five card with WHO 2006 standards;
  • a school feeding programme for primary-school children with support from the World Food Programme.
Comparison of vitamin A uptake among children aged under 5 years, 2009–2010.[3]

The most recent standardized monitoring and assessment in relief and transition (SMART) 2010 nutrition survey revealed the following nutritional prevalence: stunting 34%; wasting 6.9%; underweight 18.7%; severe acute malnutrition 0.9%; and moderate acute malnutrition 5.8%.[4]

The following nutritional services are being provided for the management of malnutrition: growth monitoring and promotion, and the community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition Programme.[2]

The Directorate of Planning and Information collects data for nutrition surveillance on the following:

  • growth monitoring and promotion
  • severe acute malnutrition
  • moderate acute malnutrition
  • exclusive breastfeeding
  • early initiation of breastfeeding
  • vitamin A supplementation for children and lactating mothers
  • deworming.

With regard to food, dietary counselling by a clinical nutritionist is continuing in all major hospitals.

Physical exercise counselling is pending for next year and will aim to carry out healthy lifestyle activities.[2]

References

  1. Sierra Leone National Food and Nutrition Policy (Word 156kb). Government of Sierra Leone, Ministry of Health and Sanitation 2009
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Nutrition Unit report. Government of Sierra Leone, Ministry of Health and Sanitation, 2010
  3. Performance report. Government of Sierra Leone, Ministry of Health and Sanitation, 2010
  4. Tolla A, Report on the nutritional situation in Sierra Leone: nutrition survey using SMART methods. United Nations Children’s Fund/Government of Sierra Leone, Ministry of Health and Sanitation, 2010