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Comprehensive Analytical Profile: South Sudan

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O conteúdo em Portugês estará disponível em breve.


This analytical profile provides a health situation analysis of the South Sudan and, coupled with the Factsheet, it is the most significant output of the African Health Observatory. The profile is structured in such a way to be as comprehensive as possible. It is systematically arranged under eight major headings:

1. Introduction to country context
2. Health status and trends
3. Progress on the Health-Related MDGs
4. The Health System
5. Specific Programmes and Services
6. Key Determinants(trC)
LocationSouth Sudan.gif

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Perfil estatístico
Introdução ao Contexto do País
Situação Sanitária e Tendências

In recent decades, the WHO African Region has fallen behind world averages in respect of health and human development, with sobering effects on health status and trends. The heavy burden of infectious disease, particularly the HIV/AIDS pandemic, is without doubt a major factor accounting for lowered life expectancy at birth in recent decades, coupled with steadily increasing rates of noncommunicable diseases as countries make economic and social transitions to modern lifestyles.

With up to 62% of Africans living in slum conditions where traditional and modern lifestyle hazards intersect, it is hardly surprising that the WHO African Region leads the world not only in dropping life expectancy rates but also in mortality and burden of disease ratios.(trC)

Progresso
Progress on SDGs(trT)
O Sistema de Saúde
Resultados em saúde

Health systems have multiple goals.[1] The world health report 2000[2]defined overall health system outcomes or goals as improving health and health equity in ways that are:

  • responsive
  • financially fair
  • make the best, or most efficient, use of available resources.

There are also important intermediate goals: the route from inputs to health outcomes is through achieving greater access to, and coverage for, effective health interventions without compromising efforts to ensure provider quality and safety.

Countries try to protect the health of their citizens. They may be more or less successful, and more or less committed, but the tendency is one of trying to make progress, in three dimensions:

  • First, countries try to broaden the range of benefits (programmes, interventions, goods, services) to which their citizens are entitled.
  • Second, they extend access to these health goods and services to wider population groups and ultimately to all citizens: the notion of universal access to these benefits.
  • Finally, they try to provide citizens with social protection against untoward financial and social consequences of taking up health care. Of particular interest is protection against catastrophic expenditure and poverty.(trC)
Liderança e governação
Apropriação e participação comunitária
Parceria para o desenvolvimento sanitário
Informação sanitária, investigação, evidências e conhecimentos
Sistema de financiamento da saúde
Prestação de serviços
Profissionais de saúde
Produtos médicos, vacinas, infra-estruturas e equipamento
Políticas públicas de saúde
Cobertura universal
Programas e serviços específicos
VIH/SIDA
Tuberculose
Paludismo
Vacinação e desenvolvimento de vacinas
Saúde infantil e dos adolescentes
Saúde materna e dos recém-nascidos
Género e saúde da mulher
Doenças propensas a epidemias e pandemias
Doenças tropicais negligenciadas
Doenças e afecções não transmissíveis
Principais Determinantes da Saúde
Factores de risco para a saúde
Ambiente físico
Segurança alimentar e nutrição
Determinantes Sociais



References(trT)
  1. Everybody’s business. Strengthening health systems to improve health outcomes. WHO’s framework for action (pdf 843.33kb). Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007
  2. The world health report 2000. Health systems: improving performance (pdf 1.65Mb). Geneva, World Health Organization, 2000