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Major diseases affecting the Zimbabwean population remain Malaria, Tuberculosis, HIV and AIDS, Diarrhoea, Acute Respiratory Infections, Malnutrition, Injuries, Hypertension, Pregnancy Related and Perinatal complications, mental health disorders and non-communicable diseases. Most of these diseases are preventable.
The observed high disease burden from preventable diseases is characteristic of most low to middle income countries but specifically for Zimbabwe, this is due to inadequate health financing over the last decade. Other causes are emerging infectious diseases, like drug resistant tuberculosis and malaria, and change in population life styles (The National Health Strategy for Zimbabwe, 2009-2013).